Go Green .....Create a compost pile
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Cologna Building & Ground Service, LLC started over 25 years ago as a small business with big dreams. We have been servicing our local communities with quality services at affordable rates. Our employees are honest, hardworking, dedicated men and woman who strive to provide the highest quality of work. Over our 25 plus years in business we have developed long time residential customers, as well as many commercial accounts. Thru competitive pricing and quality work, Cologna Building & Grounds has been a service provider at a Federal and State level of government. Our contracts range from local Army Reserve Centers to West Point Navel Acadamy.
Each one of us is responsible to do our part in preserving the integrity of our planet. It starts at home with simple changes that our children will take with them into the future.
Gardener's gold: of course, but it's also easier than you might think to make your own.
Start with a simple compost bin that turns your yard and kitchen waste into a nutrient-rich addition for your soil. (Bonus: The bin takes just six steps to assemble and costs less than $100.) Or you can review our ideas for making composters and choose the one that best fits your yard and your gardening style. If you don't want to look at your compost bin, you can make a simple screen to hide it from view. Once you've made compost, how do you use it to best benefit your plants? Keep your compost area hidden with an attractive screen you can make with inexpensive home-store items.
CREATE YOUR OWN COMPOST
It's easy to cook up your own compost. Just layer organic materials -- garden clippings, dry leaves, kitchen vegetable scraps, shredded paper -- and a dash of soil to create a concoction that turns into humus, the best soil builder around.
Before you start piling on, recognize that there are two types of composting: cold and hot. Cold composting is as simple as collecting yard waste or taking out the organic materials in your trash (such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and filters, and eggshells) and then corralling them in a pile or bin. Over the course of a year or so, the material will decompose.
Hot composting is for the more serious gardener, and you get compost in one to three months during warm weather. Four ingredients are required for fast-cooking hot compost: nitrogen, carbon, air, and water. Together, these items feed microorganisms, which speed up the process of decay.
How to Create and Use Hot Compost
To create your own organic hot-compost heap, wait until you have enough materials to make a pile at least 3 feet deep. Then, to ensure an even composition of materials, create alternating 4- to 8-inch-deep layers of green materials (kitchen scraps, fresh leaves, coffee grounds) and brown materials (dried leaves, shredded paper, untreated sawdust).
Sprinkle water over the pile regularly so it has the consistency of a damp sponge. Don't add too much water -- otherwise the microorganisms in your pile will become waterlogged and drown. If this happens, your pile will rot instead of compost.
Check to see if your pile is decomposing by monitoring temperature. Check the temperature of the pile with a thermometer, or simply reach into the middle of the pile with your hand.
During the growing season, you should provide the pile with oxygen by turning it once a week with a garden fork. The best time to turn the compost is when the center of the pile feels warm or the thermometer reads between 130 and 150 degrees Fahrenheit. Stirring up the pile helps it cook faster and prevents material from becoming matted down and developing a bad odor. At this point, the layers have served their purpose of creating equal amounts of green and brown materials throughout the pile, so stir thoroughly.
When the compost no longer gives off heat and becomes dry, brown, and crumbly, it's fully cooked and ready to feed to the garden.
Don't Compost With:
1. Anything containing meat, oil, fat, or grease
2. Diseased plant materials
3. Sawdust or chips from pressure-treated wood
4. Dog or cat feces
5. Weeds that go to seed
6. Dairy products